Each information that we release to the world through our devices is supported by a complex communications network. But these networks have shown their differences over time. Let’s learn about the different types of mobile networks here . Types of mobile networks
Knowledge about the different types of mobile networks is not something that the common user tends to think too much about. We usually perceive the speed or slowness of communications with a certain fatality, as if it were technological magic.
However, the diversity of wireless networks is not only part of our past communication development history but also of our present and future. It is extremely useful to know the basic nuances of the structure that supports our information.
A mobile network is a rather intricate spider web that includes communication towers, antennas, network cores and devices to generate traffic that generates a flow of data that ends up ending up in our mobile devices.
A network is installed on a grid of cells placed on a given spatial area, filled with transmission stations placed in a vortex or in the center of the cells. Now, beyond this basic structure, there have been various kinds of mobile networks. We will meet them here.
Known as the second generation network after the precarious and limited 1G, the 2G network was the first entirely digital system for cellular devices that were capable of making calls and sending text messages.
Although 2G is considered a crucial network for building the popularity of mobile telephony, today it is considered the slowest system of all, only functional for text-only messaging services. It is only for times when nothing more than the most basic element of communications is needed.
If the previous 2G system was able to deal with 900 bits per second (and then expanded in the 2.5 and 2.75 network to 144,000 bits per second), the 3G, also called UMTS (Universal Mobile Telecommunication System) allows 384,000 bits per second. This completely revolutionized things: the system allowed you to watch videos and make video calls, integrate social networks or ensure global compatibility.
Although this network needs many more antennas to keep its range stable to many dispersed devices, even today we can see users using only 2G for their communications, due to its energy saving capabilities for the battery.
After several speed increases for 3G technology (3.5 and 3.75), the 4G network would arrive, also called LTE (Long Term Evolution). The fourth generation network is currently the most widespread at a general level. This system has greatly improved the range of the antennas with respect to the 3G network and it is with this technology that the mobile network begins to have the quality, speed and stability of the fiber optic network, supporting massive streaming services without precedents, social networks and constant high definition images.
Finally, the fifth generation of 5G has arrived. This network, landed in the strange reality of 2020, means a significant technological leap, with a speed at least one hundred times greater than that of previous networks, greater stability and an immense capacity to host the largest number of users possible.
5G also definitely opens the door to the Internet of things: cars, houses, appliances and entire buildings can end up being intelligent, being energized from the network for our convenience.
The 5G network is not just a new collection of antennas, but a paradigm shift that will profoundly affect our entire social order. Smart cities, instant downloads of vast data, and robotic transportation will really push us into an unpredictable new era.