Basic Computing

Types of servers in computing and their functions

The types of servers allow obtaining diverse forms of transmission to other computers, which must be connected to each other, learn more about this interesting topic by reading the following article. types of computer servers

Types of servers types of computer servers

types of computer servers
Computer Security Standards

Information processing requires a central that can generate the necessary speed and information. The servers are responsible for transmitting this encrypted data that immediately reaches the various computers and people so that they can be processed.

These data or information contain various forms such as images, databases, videos, photos, among others. They help simplify the work done on computers. In this article we will see the types of servers and their importance within the world of the interface and computing. But to understand this topic it is important to really know what a server is.

The server types of computer servers

When we talk about a server, we then say that it is a platform that allows various data to be transmitted to other computers that are connected in a network. The term is used for the purpose of administering orders regarding the information that users need.

The types of servers are composed of a very large memory and are capable of managing data and information, sending them to different computers as they flow. Most government institutions have various servers that help streamline the processing and transmission of information.

A server then forms part of an immense network that contains computers which allow to respond to the needs of the users. There are different types of servers that help transfer data locally or through the Internet: The connections between the server and the computers are made directly, that is, they must always be turned on in order to process the data.

Servers are of great help to various corporations, businesses, and governments. They allow them to store information related to their functions on the web, as well as to maintain a considerably large database based on receiving and classifying the various types of information that are needed. types of computer servers

Video and audio servers types of computer servers

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These types of streaming servers allow you to send, maintain and save various types of video and audio in large quantities on the platform called streaming. Which works based on the live and continuous broadcasting of videos and audios found on the web without having to download them. So it won’t take up considerable space on our computer.

This type of server is responsible for establishing the different temporary memories to process and transmit the video when the user requests it. They are very powerful servers since for certain live transmissions; it requires an amount of energy and power that only certain servers possess. types of computer servers

Server for web platform types of computer servers

Considered the most widely used anywhere, so-called web servers are those that store one or more web pages for some time. They can be for exclusive or shared use depending on the user’s activity. Many companies offer this type of service in order to lighten the load on computers.

Also called HTTP, they are also made up of certain computer programs that process applications through bidirectional connections. These are synchronized with the client and generate a response in any language, which the user has previously decoded. They store various web pages in order to help improve the processes that lighten the productivity of the company or company.

FTP server types of computer servers

In English it means “File Transfer Protocol”, which in Spanish is “File Transfer Protocol”. It consists of a service used to send and obtain files between two remote computers. In this case, it refers to the transfers that are made between a client that has a local computer and a provider that in this case becomes the FTP server.

The types of FTP servers use various transfers, the ASCII calls and the binary call, in which different information is stored. In the first, holsters are used to transfer plain texts without format and without images, while the second is used to transfer files, images and videos, among others.

The so-called FTP clients are software that are installed on users’ computers, creating an FTP protocol which is directed to the server, allowing service to be requested from the internet service provider. It is called a client since the user is a receiver of necessary information and data. types of computer servers

The types of FTP servers are maintained thanks to the software installed to be able to connect to the internet. It traverses the connected servers or goes to a local LAN. Allowing different FTP clients to connect to the server. For this, a TCP or IP address is needed in order to establish the route and the address where the data can be transferred.

Email server

These types of servers are responsible for sending and receiving email messages. Keeps certain hosts open that allow processing through specific leaks. Manage the reception and sending of data related to the client. There are many servers on the Internet that offer the services of sending and receiving emails.

For these types of servers the importance lies in using TCP and IP protocols, which help you to resolve communication with other people in different parts of the world in a matter of seconds. The service is free and is sometimes bundled with some software packages. The best known are Gmail., Hotmail, Yahoo! among many others.

The process of sending and receiving messages is carried out through programs called MTA ”Mail Transport Agent, in Spanish,“ Agent to transfer emails ”. Which is a simple software that carries a host (Computer Equipment), which processes the sending of messages through email addresses. This program is responsible for delivering the message to the indicated address. It does not influence the content of the message and neither does it modify it.

There are also other local email servers such as Microsoft Outlook Mozilla Thunderbird, Incredimail, etc. They are included in software packages and give the user customer an easier way to send and receive emails. For its use it is necessary to activate a username and password as well as to create an email account to be able to enjoy its benefits.

Proxy Server

It is a type of computer network that, through a program, acts as a bridge between a client and a server. Its broker function allows it to process requests for resources that the client requests from the server. They are part of the link that every computer must have in order to surf the internet.

All computers connected to the network must have the proxy address as a condition, this serves to configure the browser port and thus have access to the internet. When the proxy configuration is not up-to-date, the internet connection is denied and is not carried out.

The proxy server controls access through IP addresses. They are also responsible for filtering the content in which the proxy server considers unnecessary for the user. In some cases certain pages are blocked. so that the proxy prevents according to certain criteria that some pages can be opened on the computer, then it proceeds to block access.

To unlock login, you need to go through a series of settings and answer a few email-related security questions. The other condition that the proxy server maintains is cache control. This type of action allows you to save temporary files on your computer to search for unnecessary downloads at other times.

These files are light but if we take into account that each web page or electronic address has thousands of caches, they accumulate in such a way that they sometimes delay the operation of any equipment.

DNS server

Its name in English is Domain Name System, in Spanish it means Domain Name System. These types of servers contain software which implements a network service to provide answers to queries regarding a specific directory. In other words, it is a method in which the internet remembers domain names as secure addresses.

Computer Security Standards
Computer Security Standards

It is a kind of coding where instead of assigning numbers it proceeds to change them by names and letters. Assigning an address where the user can remember them. When a computer is connected to the Internet, an IP address is established, this allows the user to contact the network.

The problem arises when someone has to remember that address by thinking of IP numbers. The job of the DNS server is to convert that numerical sequence into an understandable name either to search for a service, a company or any address found on the network. The DNS protocols are the established rules to consider considering the passage from numbers to letters, and sometimes they can be modified.

A human being more easily retains a name than a line of numbers and dots, hence its application. However, the server works in a simpler way when it receives the information with IP address in numbers, hence its importance for the location of various addresses.

Cloud server

It is a type of virtual server that is in one of the physical servers, for example Google, Yahoo! Mozilla etc. It offers similar functionality services to physical servers but they are applications that can bring some kind of profitability. They are also called virtual servers and serve as an alternative for storing data on computers.

The advantage is that they are attached to a specific software, where the client pays a monthly amount for its use and maintenance, it offers unlimited storage capacities. They are easily accessible and very flexible, also allowing to give options to customers who use them, the configurations are also extremely easy.

Many organizations use this type of server in order to protect information. They select this type of interface as they consider it to be very secure. They are characterized by having great capacity, it is a reliable service and you can opt for cloud servers according to the conditions of the company or person

Dedicated server

It is called in this way to the types of servers that are leased or purchased through various web pages. They offer specific information and processing services. In most cases for the purpose of hosting websites and network services. They are used by large companies and transnational companies that seek to minimize operating costs.

These servers are more related to their provision of a service to users or clients. Today they are an excellent business option, the exclusivity of the so-called hosting is only for the customer who hires the service. The software is protected and monitored by the company that offers the service.

The advantage of this type of dedicated Servers is that they have a wide range of services giving the company operability and high performance. The conditions and specifications are adapted to the characteristics of the contractor. The bandwidth is unlimited, so they are a good ally for large investors.

Shared server

Shared servers also use limited resources, that is, they can set the type of information and data according to customer conditions. However, its use is shared and has certain limitations. This hosting can share resources on all the websites that are hosted on it, such as CPU, IP address, bandwidth etc.

Some prefer to remain in the exclusive condition, so that they can only use a portion of the server’s hard drive. For some users there are restrictions on use, since adaptations are made according to operational needs.

These servers are dependent on the installed software and also depend on the way in which the processes are managed and the type of technology that is intended to be used. As for example, programming language or database system.

Print server

It consists of a software that manages the large-scale printing service, in which the drivers are concentrated to operate various printer equipment. These are connected to computers through networks allowing any user to access it.

They are widely used in online service companies and some in need of permanent graphic work. In some offices they help to improve the traffic that can cause the printing of various documents in a continuous and prolonged way.

Database server

In companies that manage a sufficient number of staff or work with a varied flow of people, they are very supportive. The data is transferred to other programs that are in a central database, this is processed and sent with the necessary data. They are very helpful to state agencies to have access to various information from citizens.

The information that this type of server processes is ready to be organized, controlled and organized, so that they can offer immediate answers to users. The information is presented through tables, indexes or records. The most relevant companies and organizations use this type of server such as banks, hospitals, client companies and government entities.

File server

A file server is a type of storage that allows users to store and distribute different computer-type files. Among the clients that are in the computer network of the same local region. Access can be remotely

The information on this type of server can be shared through the internal network. No need to easily send files through external storage devices such as pendrive or sd memories. All computer equipment that is on the network can connect directly to the file server to obtain information and in turn send or receive it.

Likewise, any equipment or computer can become a file server, and its implementation can also be carried out by any user. At the internet level, the so-called FTP file transfer protocol that we have just observed in this article is used.

Server cluster

This type of process actually groups together a series of servers that carry out the same activity. They are used in order to lighten the load on a server when its capacity has reached the limit. Businesses with highly confluent data and information traffic use this cluster to streamline processes and ease the main server process.

The constitution and peculiarity is that all are dedicated to the same task and this union is usually used when a single server does not respond to the number of requests made by clients. The dynamics of operation allow them to function as one. With this type of system, the efficiency and productivity of many companies improves.

The result for the development of a Server Cluster allows establishing high availability and performance and a good load balance that helps to improve network traffic. They are so important that Google and Microsoft use thousands of servers connected in a cluster to provide efficient service to their customers.

Clusters can be classified in several ways. The so-called high performance called in its acronym in English as HC or High Performance Cluster, allow to execute tasks where a large number of different calculations are required. So it is important to have a fairly large RAM.

The high availability clusters called HA or High Availability. They seek to access and have reliable availability of the services they offer. The ways to enable your process is by duplicating the hardware in order to eliminate failures at the time of the process.

There is also the so-called high-frequency cluster or HT or High Throughput). With this type of server it is sought to develop a large number of individual tasks in the shortest possible time. Infrastructure clusters mix high availability with great efficiency.

And the group of commercial and scientific clusters that is considered high performance. With these clusters, companies seek to manage complicated and high-traffic processes that help improve their operation. However, each server cluster is adapted to the characteristics of a company. So they adapt to the needs of customers.

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