Basic Computing

Computer history Technological development

technological development and education
technological development and education

Computer history

Computers have been innovative since their creation, technology has evolved exponentially, which has allowed the development of different devices and equipment with various functions. These machines have the ability to perform a large number of calculations and computer operations, they also have an automated system to perform digital tasks and jobs.

With these machines, industrial and commercial processes in society were accelerated, because the projects could present a higher level of efficiency and in less time, thus facilitating the creation of many types of devices. In this way, the exchange of information and data is simplified, giving the opportunity to advance in technology, achieving complex calculations.

The history of the computer is based on the desire to establish a system or a team with the ability to perform different calculations and processes that are very difficult to do by hand, since it sought to reduce the losses of resources and make the most of the operation of the devices that were made marking a turning point in the computer science revolution.

When talking about the history of computing, the innovation of computers always stands out, so the background of the creation of these machines must be known, as well as the impact that these devices had at the time; the ease of performing calculations was very necessary at that time where many professionals contributed to the advancement of technology.

Background

technological development and education
technological development and education

The history of the computer has many antecedents where the creation of these teams began to execute different types of calculations through specialized commands and mechanisms; There are records of large machines to carry out these mathematical and arithmetic tasks, which are very complicated for humans and therefore presented difficulties if these equipment were not used.

It is first had in the year 1642 where Pascal’s machine was created, which was also known as Pascalina, it was an invention of Blaise Pascal in order to carry out these complicated and long mathematical operations, despite the fact that it took a long time to perform a calculation It was much faster and more efficient compared to the human being, since many problems with errors in the development of operations involving calculation were avoided. technological development and education

In 1671 it was at the time that calculators were invented by Gottfried Leibinitz using the pascal machine as a basis in its development by teams that can perform the calculations that are requested, this innovation boosted professional growth in the area of ​​mathematics to as well as in the computer field, for this reason it is an important point in the history of the computer.

The gears of Blaise’s machine gave the possibility of executing a series of arithmetic operations, which could be very complicated to do on paper, with the advances implemented by Gottfried Leibinitz allowed the team to have the ability to perform more calculations and operations of Thus, the results were obtained in a shorter time, thus facilitating mathematical activities and tasks.

In 1802 the creation of a system of punched cards by Joseph Marie Jacquard was recorded, so that the development of the elaboration of machines to process different types of mathematical equations and specific calculations was promoted; However, it was not until twenty years later that these cards were used by a team specialized in differential calculations.

Charles Babbage was commissioned to use punched cards to design a differential calculus machine in 1822 so that the automatic system contained in the device’s looms can be applied, increasing the efficiency in the results of mathematical and arithmetic operations that were entered, thus speeding up the calculations that were needed for different projects.

In the history of the computer, it stands out how the advancement of technology and innovations in machine designs were the basis for developing the equipment that is known today. Among them, the machine created by Babbage in 1834 stands out, that is, 12 years after introducing the differential calculus machine, he took advantage of the properties of this equipment to increase the possible operations that are executed in the machine.

With this innovation, the machine created could perform analytical operations, processing up to four arithmetic operations, which at that time were a large number of calculations. In the same way, it offered the possibility of storing more than 1000 numbers so it had a large memory giving an impact on the field of computing in those years to give beginnings in the creation of computers.

Computers Initiative technological development and education

The history of the computer is based on many professional people who contributed to the development of systems and technology that are incorporated into the team to increase optimization and efficiency in the execution of calculations, so that the results helped to the evolution of industries and companies for the creation of devices and products.

Babbage was regarded as the father of computing due to the innovations in the design of the analytical engine that was the turning point in the world of computing. Alan Turing also stands out, who was the founder of universal machines, which had the ability to perform operations and calculations of anything, which is why the operation of these equipment was extended.

In 1943 it was another important time for the history of the computer where professors from the University of Pennsylvania created ENIAC which is an electronic numeral calculating machine, they were made up of more than 18,000 large vacuum tubes, so it should be taken into account a large room to have integrated all the components that executed the mechanism of mathematical and arithmetic operations.

This machine is considered as the grandparents of computers, because it was the first step in the design of computers, so that people realized the potential of these equipment could provide industries with the necessary operations to increase their productions with results. more efficient, so that the IT area is revolutionized but at the same time the commerce area is evolving.

Creation of transistors technological development and education

In 1947 it was at the time that transistors were invited, which allowed the development of computers, these devices consisted of electrical switches used for the manufacture of microchips that established the basis for the evolution of electronics and equipment made up of these small, high-capacity chips that provided greater performance and operations in the systems.

The transistors were made of solid materials and did not present voids in their constitution, their invention was given in the United States, specifically in the Bell laboratories that gave these basic devices for electronic equipment and machines made up of integrated circuits with a large number of chips. together with transistors that allow the circulation of current to operate and function properly. technological development and education

In 1958, the evolution of transistors was developed due to the work carried out by Robert Noyce and Jack Kilby who discovered the potential of transistors in electronic devices, thus promoting the production of equipment consisting of circuits to speed up its operation, because of this Kilby received in the year 2000 the Nobel Prize for this discovery.

First computer technological development and education

In the history of the computer it must be associated with the Second World War because in this event the first logical calculation machines were created to intervene in the enemy’s coded transmissions. The German computer was the first to emerge which is known as Z3 while in 1944 Harvard University designed the Mark I as an electromechanical computer.

Its main characteristics were the speed that the calculations processed and the use that was given to them, since they supported constantly operating at that time. The computer designed by Harvard together with IBM had large measurements which consisted of 15 meters in length with a height of 2.5 meters; it was made up of a stainless steel case to withstand rough conditions and was also housed in a glass case.

In this way, it was possible to observe how it carried out its mechanism when solving the calculations that were requested, thanks to the invention of transistors this machine had more than 400 switches inside so that it was kept in control with these devices, it was made up of More than 700,000 pieces, which required large amounts of cables reaching 800 km, this equipment was able to operate for a full 16 years.

This computer is based on the binary system, so that it allowed its optimal operation and with efficient results; In 1951 the first computer was designed in the commercial area known as the Ferranti Mark 1, it was in this year that computers impacted the world because this machine could be available in society.

With this, the reading of the words was facilitated by means of the computer that recorded them in its memory, in this way it contributed to the IBM company to give the production of these equipment for the acquisition of the industries, impacting the commercial and economic level, Because companies could count on these computers to help with their productions and projects.

Likewise, the programming language was born for the creation of softwares which promote other computer development and in the scientific field; the success of these machines helped to promote different computer models, then there was the innovation of secondary computer components such as the mouse, screens, floppy disks, among others.

Afterwards, the first computer networks were established in 1968 by ARPANET in order to be used as a means of data exchange. The internet was designed in 1990 in a public way, which prompted the evolution that we know today, since it facilitates the transfer of information such as the development of computers in the 21st century. technological development and education

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