Basic Computing

Storage measures in computing

Do you know what are the storage measures in computing? Well don’t worry! In this article you will learn about each of them in detail. Come and find out what are the space registration that can be in a device, whether temporary or permanent.  storage measurement

Storage measures storage measurement

storage measurement
storage measurement

First, we must define what bits are to know that they are the storage measures of a computer, consider the abbreviation of the term “binary digits” (“binary digits” in Spanish), as a comparison, in the decimal code system uses numbers from the 0 to 9, in binary code, use only zeros and ones. storage measurement

In computing, these representations of zeros and ones are given by the transmission or non-transmission of electrical energy in circuits that represent computers, therefore, a large amount of them reaches the central processor. The pulses are interpreted as data and, when performing simple mathematical and logical calculations, can be ordered by acquiring information.

This information is transferred to the remaining devices, and then the user can use the output device to perceive it through their perception, or it can be stored on a different storage medium that has a limited capacity like any physical component. Then we define a byte as a sequence of 8 consecutive bits that is the smallest unit considered in data storage, since the computer architecture uses a unit obtained by a multiple 8-bit processor, it is based on a multiple of bytes .

However, these conversions are different from the decimal system or most measurement systems but only use multiples of 8, so taking into account the authority to perform the above conversions every 1024, the arithmetic levels are as follows that we will see in the table of storage measurements: storage measurement

  • Byte, basic unit, simply abbreviated as B storage measurement
  • Kilobyte, carrying the prefix of the character “k” – kB
  • Megabyte, carrying the prefix of the character “M” – MB
  • Gigabyte, carrying the prefix of the character “G” – GB
  • Terabyte, carrying the prefix of the character “T” – TB
  • Exabyte, carrying the prefix of the character “E” – EB
  • Zettabyte, carrying the prefix of the character “Z” – ZB
  • Yottabyte, carrying the prefix of the character “Y” – YB

What are the storage measures? .

storage measurement
storage measurement

These drives are constantly evolving because it is possible to demonstrate that it is possible to continue to exceed the capacity of today’s effective permanent storage media. You can also find a representation where a byte is defined as “octet”, making the representation corresponding to what will be 8 bits, and keep a good definition. storage measurement

In calculation, each letter, number, or punctuation mark occupies one byte (8 bits). For example, when a text file occupies 5,000 bytes we are sure that it is equal to 5,000 letters or characters. The space also requires one byte. Because bytes are very small units of information, multiples are often used: kilobytes (kB), megabytes (MB), and gigabytes (GB)

In the case of image storage, since these images carry all the details point by point, what we call pixels (PIc ELement), each point requires one byte, so an image of 1024 x 1024 pixels and 1,048,576 bytes = 1 is required. 256 megabytes of color images.

A set of bits can represent color, sound, and almost any other type of information that can be processed by a computer that can store programs and data as a collection of bits. To measure the information storage capacity we need to know: The binary digits are expressed in English, which means “binary digits”, hence the term BIT (abbreviation in our language).

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