Basic Computing

Internet types How many really exist?

Currently there are various types of internet that many people are unaware of. In this article we will show you what they are and how you can use them. internet types and speeds

Internet types internet types and speeds

internet types and speeds
internet types and speeds

Since its appearance in the 90s, this communication system has revolutionized the world, allowing information and diverse content to be obtained extremely quickly. Its development has been dizzying and today it is one of the forms of life that human beings need to keep up with everything that happens in the world.

However, today many people are interested in connecting to a network. Millions of people in the world and multiple companies depend fundamentally on the network system to carry out their activities. In the following link you can find out How does the internet work?   so that you can expand the knowledge related to this topic

Likewise, almost all economic, social and political processes move thanks to the magic of the internet. Undoubtedly, we are in the presence of a communication system, which has created a huge dependency in the life of humanity, but let’s get to know the types of the internet better.

Internet: Definition

internet types and speeds
internet types and speeds

It is a procedure that uses an interconnected computer network through certain organized codes called protocols. The purpose is to offer a number of services and resources that streamline human activities. Its name is attributed to the abbreviation of International Network of Computers, or what is the same, an international network of computers.

The word already has a common concept and is determined as such in almost all languages. The Royal Spanish Academy in its dictionary defines it as a word in which it should be used to make sense of the connection of international computer networks.

Source

There is a version about its origin where the United States Department of Defense is pointed out as the creator of this system. In the 1960s the department needed a form of communication in which all the computers in the organization could be connected.

They decided then to establish communications where only the computers connected to that network could be in contact, sending information and various resources. So a way was sought to prevent enemies from accessing the transmissions and limiting access to this communication system, which was done through certain computers connected to that specific network.

On the other hand, there is another version that talks about the need for the Office for Information Processing Technologies (IPTO), through its director Robert Taylor, who had the idea of ​​creating a system in which scientists could share information. and data no matter where they were.

The only requirement was to have a computer and through certain connections, he could transmit information directly from one computer to another. This system tried to create a form of communication and also seek to save time and money. So they avoided acquiring more computer equipment for scientists who constantly need to update their research.

The project was approved by the Advanced Research Projects Agency. Later that agency became part of the United States Department of Defense; becoming what today is called DARPA. Some consider that the project was actually created by the military.

There are also criteria where they state that the reality is that they were looking for a solution to certain civilian communications and they used scientific and military tools to carry out that project.

Many scientific researchers and students will benefit from this communication project. They knew that access to information from various areas could help accelerate progress in research and development of technologies.

First approach

On the other hand, it would help them to publish informative content that could help other students and even share criteria and important data. In 1961 Leonard Kleinrock published a document detailing the theory of packet switching in a clear and simple way.

It expresses the feasibility in theory of communicating through certain information packages instead of circuits. This theory allowed many researchers to offer a way to consider information-based projects through networks.

His theory was put into practice in 1965 when Roberts himself connected a TX2 model computer located in Massachusetts with another piece of equipment called Q32, which was located in California. The transmission was made over a low-speed telephone line. In this way the first computer communication network had been created.

In 1969, the first interconnected network was born when a link was established between the Universities of UCLA and Stanford, through a switched line. This first connection received on behalf of ARPANET. Its main goal was to create a communication network in order to survive the nuclear attack.

Evolution

In the 1970s, the first public demonstration of ARPANET was made, financed by the DARPA Agency. The communication is carried out the same over a switched telephone network. The success of the demonstration led to the start of a research program two years later to develop a system to interconnect networks.

The first tests allowed to assign the name of “internet” and it was applied to a system of interconnected networks to some protocols type TCP and IP address. 24. In 1983, the NCP protocol was changed to TCP / IP, so that it could transmit data and research resources through the new internet network.

In 1986, the NSF (National Sanitation Foundation) developed the NSFNET project that made it possible to develop a tree-like network in which various networks could be connected. Some networks in Europe began to connect to form a network lover that was originally called a “backbone.”

At the beginning of the 90’s, OSI-type protocols were opened that allowed expanding the field for transmissions worldwide and allowing the interconnection of diverse structural networks. Likewise, this connection will allow to expand the field for different communication protocols. In 1990 the internet was already a fact and the open HTML code was created.

This code makes it possible to create the first www-type web client with an HTML code image. The language was invented in Geneva by the CERN technological institute made up of researchers and engineers led by Tim Berners Lee; who was the driving force behind the development of the HTML language. From that moment, the exponential growth of the Internet began, which spread throughout the planet.

World Wide Web (www)

This term known to many is the initials of the protocol to initiate any type of communication and enter the network. Technically they do not have any meaning, it is the transmission medium that is used in the network to establish communication with various pages and resources at a global or national level.

It is understood then that when www is placed in the browser, a series of communication protocols are opened. This is the option to communicate and establish a specific language that allows access to many files regardless of distance. This network system has grown over time and the Internet network today provides multiple services that allow people to perform various actions of all kinds.

The internet network offers from the email service (which was one of the first to be used) how to consult hypertexts, watch videos, news from around the world, enter so-called social networks, watch television programs and events in I live, download any type of content among the most important.

Internet types according to their capacity

Communication to the internet is carried out through certain satellite channels or through cables. There are companies in the world that offer the service to users in various ways. In homes they can be connected through a telephone connection which sends data to enter the network.

Other companies are dedicated to sending satellite-type signals to connect to data through wireless transmission. Each one has its particularity but they fulfill the same function, Entering the internet network.

Connections can be made in various ways at home through internal networks called WiFi, in public places with servers that broadcast higher-range WiFi wireless signals. In companies through internal networks or simply through a data plan that can be purchased by paying a monthly rent.

When they are interconnected in a decentralized way, the network is then considered to be of a simple type. In this way, users can establish a connection quickly and without any limitations. There are also the more limited connections.

These last connections have certain restrictions that determine the way in which said connection can be made. The characteristics of these connections are more closed and profound with respect to the transmitted data. They are used in companies that need to manage resources and data defined by organization policy.

These types of internet allow you to establish connections depending on the internal or external network. Today’s technology allows people or organizations to establish what type of connection they want to establish according to their needs.

To analyze the types of internet it is necessary to know their capacity, which is considered according to the possibilities and limitations in established spaces. In other words, the connection is made through internal networks that limit access and allow data and information transmission to be established in limited areas. These connections are called Ethernet.

On the other hand we have the free connections that we all know and use daily known as the internet. This connection as we all know allows us to establish contact with any email address and page regardless of where you are.

There are also special connections called intranet that certain companies use to communicate their information to certain groups of companies and individuals. Let us then see the types of Internet known so far that allow us to establish connections in a different way. Although they have similarities in their structure, they are systems used by many people today

Intranet system

It is a private network connection system, where members or affiliates can only share information and data resources among themselves. This type of communication allows establishing certain protocols where each user can communicate individually with other affiliated users.

We see, for example, WhatsApp, which is part of an intranet network where each person has an account and their information is only seen by the user himself and whoever he decides. On the other hand, this type of communication allows companies to develop platforms so that employees can communicate with each other.

This is done in order to obtain information related to the company and not to link external objects to the information. Each company establishes intranet-type connections for security and efficiency reasons. By clicking on the following link you will be able to access the article related to the Computer Security Standards in the Network

Intranet has its origin as part of the types of internet and precisely when the latter was also taking its first steps. It is believed that the internet was the forerunner of the internet we know today. The intranet system allows you to establish your own criteria based on an Internet Web page.

The difference between intranet and internet nowadays that the former is private while the internet is characterized by being an open network system. So that intranet could be a type of sub internet, where it uses resources similar to the global computer network.

Extranet system

This type of network system is also a type of private network but in this case it uses internet protocols. So they are based on the form of communication and the infrastructure of the connections themselves. Extranet networks are open and allow the secure sharing of information related to a business or organization.

Likewise, it allows to establish contact and relationship with suppliers, clients, partners, opening the field of business and commercial expansion. Extranet is a form of intranet but more open, allowing customers or partners to access information and resources related to the company.

Access to the extranet can be done through people who are not employees of the same. But it has some kind of link to the organization. Therefore, the type of processes necessarily determines the implementation of a security system.

Likewise, the extranet allows you to establish connections with other companies affiliated with the same concept. The protocols provided by the internet are a great tool for developing network platforms. The configuration is established through privileges between users, with the idea of ​​strengthening the security of the organization.

In this way, the leakage of relevant information is avoided between the partners and with this a large number of businesses, bank and stock movements are taken care of, as well as access to capital transactions among other financial activities. Among the most common user clients of the extranet network are banking institutions. They link workers, partners and clients to carry out the fulfillment of the goals.

LAN and MAN type networks are not used by extranet networks. It has an important expansion that helps to improve the protocols of its internet networks. It maintains a rigid structure that allows access as a semi-private entity. Different from the internet’s own protocols.

What is Ethernet? internet types and speeds

This term is used to connect a local area network (LAN) or wide area network (WAN), with various devices or equipment, such as printers, cell phones, desktop and laptop computers, Tablets, etc. The protocol is done through the internet and has some letters combined with numbers by code. This identifies each device and gives access to the internet connection.

Ethernet is not considered within the types of internet. It is an alternative that helps WiFi to manage connections, directing signals to various equipment and devices.

On the contrary, if it is considered a network since it allows speeding up connection protocols to various nodes or devices. It is a type of connection where it can be transmitted at speeds ranging from 100 Gb / s to 400 Gb / s. Which represent an enormous transmission speed.

However, Ethernet can also connect various devices to each other. It also has the ability to connect computers to talking printers to cell phones and any device with WiFi wireless technology.

Internet connections internet types and speeds

The wonder of computer technology and its growth is that today they have allowed a wide range of possibilities to help people, companies and organizations obtain the internet resource through various ways and alternatives.

Internet connections are global, anywhere in the world they are made in the same way. There is no different or complicated process. Just by having a stable network connection and a device or computer, the connection can be made easily.

The data packets are sent in blocks by the service providers who provide it permanently. These connections are simple and require some physical elements to be able to maintain direct contact with the network and the user. As well as wireless connections that we all know today.

It is interesting how people themselves little by little get to know the technological procedures of the computer network. From children to older adults, they are taking actions that lead them to proceed in a very technological way.

The connections have some advantages and disadvantages due to their characteristics, since the connections are very diverse. In addition, there are external factors that can alter the transmission at any time. However, the types of internet and their connections help us today to solve situations that in another era would have to take a long time.

The types of internet and their connections are anywhere in the world, it is just a matter of knowing them a little and knowing which are the most beneficial for any organization or person. Let’s look at those connections.

By cable internet types and speeds

It is one of the best known and we have just seen it earlier in this article called “Ethernet”. This connection allows Internet data transmissions in a more stable way, it is the most common because before the arrival of the computer network, telephone-type connections already existed and helped to improve transmissions.

It can also be said that it is the classic internet connection method. In this case, the types of internet and their connections are made through various models of cables, these range from the so-called fiber optics, coaxial and Rj45 network cables.

It is important to know that the quality of the cable also determines the efficiency of the connection. We must take into account the facilities which must be done taking into account certain aspects. Cables determine some situations related to transmission.

We can see how certain music and video data transmissions can be interrupted if the cable is in poor condition or is simply poorly connected. Likewise, a higher quality cable will allow you to send information in a faster way. internet types and speeds

It has a great advantage to make the connections related to the types of internet using cables; failures tend to be minor and easier to identify in case of growth. Electrical impulses are very sensitive and can cause interruptions at any time.

Among its weaknesses we find space limitations, lack of mobility and the cost to install. These three elements are what a user must take into account when he wants to establish a cable internet connection. Likewise, we reiterate that we make sufficient resources available to acquire high-quality items.

By telephone connection internet types and speeds

Called in terms of computing RTC (Switched Telephone Network), it is one of the connection systems that have been operating for the longest time in the world. The system is integrated into the telephone connections, which come from the provider’s headquarters to the place where the signal is received. This can be a house, a company or another body.

Although it is very old and some consider it obsolete, for many users it is still the most popular type of connection in the world. Its rudiments and orthodox technology still serve to make Internet connections. These can reach almost all places, because telephone cable installations have been installed for some years in all places in cities and towns.

The signals that are transmitted for the Internet connection are of the analog type, so that the providers must carry out installations with special elements that must be adapted to the equipment and computers. The Switched Telephone Network system is called the “analog signal demulator system”. internet types and speeds

It carries out the transmissions by means of analog waves that must be converted into digital signals. This is necessary since the computers that receive the data must transmit them digitally to the various devices and computers.

For this, a device called a modem is used which decodes the analog waves and converts them into binary digital ones. Without this transformation it would be impossible for a computer to receive the internet connection. However, the passage of the years determined changes in the form of transmission.

This type of connection has some characteristics that can determine its reliability or distrust. Disadvantages include its dependence on cable phone service, which represents a type of continuous communication. This causes that when a phone call is received, the internet connection is interrupted.

You should wait between 2 and 3 minutes to reconnect the internet signal after completing the call. Another disadvantage is the bandwidth. The telephone connection has a very limited bandwidth, which leads to problems when trying to download some data related to videos, photos, music, etc.

The switched telephone connection presents in most cases fluctuations, intermittent and sometimes inaccuracies and sudden drops. The ability to maintain stability in the transmission sometimes becomes unbearable.

This can cause some files to be received with certain glitches and glitches. That is why it is good to know through certain applications such as the speed and fluctuation of the internet connection that the user has at home and office

Among the advantages of this type of connection are the speed of installation. It does not require a large infrastructure to connect the devices. These are also not very expensive and only with having a telephone subscription in any company that provides domestic internet service; the user can be in connection with the network quickly.

Over wireless networks internet types and speeds

We have already seen that there are other types of internet, where cable connections have some advantages and disadvantages. Next we will see a technological development of a computer type that has allowed us to bring various alternatives and advantages to users.

Wireless networks can be developed to connect to various devices without connecting cables. In the case of the Internet, this technology has been very helpful. The connection has a series of characteristics and elements that make it more efficient than those that need to be connected with wiring.

The system works through the emission by means of a signal that is emitted by satellite. These signals are transmitted the same as radio signals, but they are called Wireless, which can be sent through infrared rays. Despite being cutting edge technology, it is very economical.

The savings per linear kilometer transmission is considerable compared to the connection through cables. This technology is accessible to everyone, for its retransmission some network emancipation equipment is needed to allow the airwaves to be broadcast. In few occasions the signal can be interrupted, since it travels through the air.

The devices that emanate the network are always located in specific places, so that they can be received by all users in a balanced way. Each transmitter has a capacity of approximately 50 km2. They also have a sending speed of approximately 70 Mbps.

In the world there are millions of users who complement the use of so-called wireless data with those received at home through the telephone network. The methods for using the networks are protocols called local multipoint. They are microwave waves that safely manage the global computer network www. internet types and speeds

By ADSL digital network internet types and speeds

This type of connection is a combination of the switched telephone network connection and the ISDN digital network, which we will see later. Its structure and shape are highly dependent on these two types of connections. The system works in combination with the shape of both systems.

For this you must have a telephone subscription to any domestic or local communication company. Dynamic ranges allow broad bandwidth which helps to receive stable and very reliable connections. Large companies use this type of connection in order to ensure long-term connections without the need for uncomfortable interruptions.

The system must have certain network adapters and the internet service modem to conform the coding and transmission of the data to the equipment. They must also have a communication structure compatible with LAN, CAN, PAN and MAN type connections. This type of network allows you to expand the connection and even cover large areas.

One of the advantages of this type of internet is that the downloading of data and resources is done through and as necessary by an RTB and ISDN type cabling, which helps to keep the field of action of transmission stable, a flow of permeable data and more accurate information download.

It is different from the traditional connection where some files can get damaged due to the limitations it presents. However, the flow of data you receive from the internet can sometimes create delays in downloading data. But it is important to say that it is not because of the configuration and structure of the system, but because of the way in which they can see the transmissions.

Likewise, the reception can also be altered by the location in which the users are at the time of receiving the data. That is why it is important to spend some time studying the position in which both the modem and the router should be placed. In the following link you will be able to know about the characteristics of a router and which one you can purchase according to its quality. internet types and speeds

Remember that many times the connection that comes from the provider can be affected when we do not have a good signal within the room or office. Check if this is your case, check where they are and in what position the router is.

By ISDN Digital Network internet types and speeds

The connection for these types of internet was the one that directly supplanted the switched telephony communication. Although this connection of the ISDN type (Integrated Services Digital Network) does not totally replace it. It does not use any type of analog medium to operate.

This service has the quality of using only digital signals to process the internet connection. However, this service is little used in some countries where the fiber optic cable connection has not been implemented. The systems are structured to be used in digital type connections.

The system was created in 1984 in order to make an evolution towards the digital telephone network. The main idea was to provide an end-to-end purely digital connection. This will allow creating a series of resources that could be transmitted simultaneously and without any complication.

The technology and development in this type of communication system was really implemented in 1988, where the way of transmitting voice and data included on the same line was sought. That format was applied to digital telephone systems for the time they were a revolution and a way of observing new concepts regarding data transmission.

The implementation of ISDN was carried out in many cities where the original cable telephone wiring had to be changed over to an optical cable system. This allows signals to be transmitted from their source to their receiver in digital form. What resulted for some governments to invest large amounts of resources to update it.

Today there are countries that maintain the normal cable or switched telephone system. Others, however, are in the process of installing fiber optic cables, seeking to implement this technology in new computer network projects.

Via satellite internet types and speeds

Today it is considered one of the most modern connections that exists. Access to the transmission does not need any type of wiring from the provider’s headquarters, satellite and reaches the user. The broadcasting of data at the satellite level allows people to be directly connected to the parallel world of the internet.

The satellite connection is a little more expensive but very precise, the services and resources are presented in a more dynamic and fast way. The technology uses the satellites in orbit as a transmission resource. It has the advantage of accessing places where other connections cannot. It serves as an alternative connection when people are not inside your home or office.

The signals reach the satellite through the transmission made by the broadcasting station through an upward beam. The satellite receives the signal and sends it as a downward beam to the locations determined by the company. To avoid interference between the upstream and downstream signals, the frequencies are modified.

The ascending frequencies are greater than the descending ones, as they rise the attenuation of the same decreases during the trip. Thus, the signal coming out of the ground is greater and more energy is required to send it. Within the satellite there are transponder blocks, responsible for receiving, modifying and transmitting the frequencies to the planet.

The satellite signals reach various repeater antennas that are responsible for transmitting that signal. In this way, the communication that some call data takes place and allows you to connect quickly and efficiently to any type of internet.

3G, 4G and 5G technology internet types and speeds

When you talk about these technologies you directly set your direction to today’s smart phones. 3G, 4G and 5G technology have to do with the speed of internet data transmission to telephone devices.

Each one is called by generation, that is, 3G technology is considered third generation 4G fourth generation and thus gradually increases the transmission speed according to technological developments. 3G technology supplanted 2G technology where transmission reached 10 Mbps.

With the arrival of 4G technology, transmission speeds can reach 300 Mbps, while that found in some developed countries called 5G is reaching transmissions close to 7 Gbps. The difference between them is the type of protocol they use.

For example, 3G technology uses UMTS (Universal Mobile Telecommunications System) or HSDPA (High Speed ​​Downlink Packet Access) protocols, 4G maintains LTE (Long Term Evolution) is the evolution of 3G. For its part, 5G technology is beginning to take its first steps and it is believed that it will allow to increase very high transmission speeds. internet types and speeds

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