Difference between microprocessor and microcontroller

Main Difference between microprocessor and microcontroller

Difference between microprocessor and microcontroller
Difference between microprocessor and microcontroller

Both terms are related to computing and are used frequently in the world of technology. However, these terms confuse technology users around the world and are considered the same by many. To address the similarities and differences between these two, we have detailed the microcontroller and microprocessor explanation here. First of all, the microcontroller is basically a small microcomputer designed to incorporate all the expected features in a microprocessor CPU: ALU, PC, SP, and registers. The microprocessor, on the other hand, is a digital computer central processing unit with the main purpose of reading data and performing detailed calculations on the data and finally preserving the results on a mass storage device or manifesting the findings. The microcontroller comes as a general purpose purpose device to read data and perform limited measurements on that data and monitor your aura in those evaluations. The design of the microprocessor is formed with the aspiration to make it as expandable and flexible as possible. The microcontroller aims to get data from its own pins where the layout and command set are functionalized to control the data in bit and byte size.Also, both are framed for a real-time application and come with many features and attributes. which are common to both. Regarding the prices of both entities, the microcontroller has an advantage, since it is cheaper than a microprocessor.

Comparative chart Difference between microprocessor and microcontroller

Microprocessor Microcontroller
A microprocessor incorporates the functions of a CPU into a single IC. A small computer on a single IC that contains a processor core, memory, and programmable input / output peripherals.
Multitasking purposes Single task purposes
Less Larger
Used only on personal computers It is mainly used in devices such as MP3 players.

What is the microprocessor?

A microprocessor is basically a computer processor that integrates the operation of a computer’s central processing unit (CPU) into a single integrated circuit (IC), or at most a few built-in circuits. With its multiplicity functionality, the programmable microprocessor device accepts digital data as input. When processing according to the commands in memory, the microprocessor outputs results. The entity contains combinational logic and sequential digital logic and works with numbers and symbols that are represented in the binary number system.

What is the microcontroller?

Difference between microprocessor and microcontroller
Difference between microprocessor and microcontroller

A microcontroller is thought of as a tiny, tiny computer designed on a single integrated circuit that has a processor core, memory, and programmable input / output sidelines. The microcontroller is used in automatically managed artifacts and tools and in embedded systems. Microcontrollers work to control other digital devices and processes. A microcontroller can be thought of as a self-contained system that has a processor memory and margins and can even be used as an embedded system. Most of the microcontrollers in use today are embedded in other machinery, including cars, telephones, household appliances, and computer system peripherals.

Key Difference between microprocessor and microcontroller

  1. The microprocessor is the core of the computer system, while the microcontroller is simply the core of the embedded system.
  2. The microprocessor cannot be used in a compact system, while the microcontroller has the potential to be used in a compact system.
  3. The microprocessor is inefficient and has less potential, while the microcontroller has sufficient technique.
  4. The microprocessor’s functionality is memory-based, while programs are easier to write to the microcontroller.
  5. The microprocessor is only used in personal computers, the microcontroller, on the other hand, is mainly used in cleaning machines like MP3 players.


In general, microdevices are the way to go for humans. Developments taking place in technology have ensured that more things are now made known to people who want to explore things and get to know things they do not know. Microcontrollers and Microprocessors and the two hardcore items that have been explained in this space.

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