Main Difference between C++ and C#
The main difference between both programming languages is that C is a simple procedural language and simply follows the procedural programming prototype, while C ++ is a multi-prototype, which means that it is both procedural and object-oriented.
Comparative chart difference between c++ and c#
|Basis of distinction||C||C ++|
|Nature of language||C is a type of structural or procedural programming language.||C ++ is an object-oriented programming language and supports polymorphism, abstract data types, encapsulation, and more. Although C ++ derives the basic syntax from C, it cannot be classified as a structural or procedural language.|
|Point of emphasis||C emphasizes the steps or procedures that are followed to solve a problem.||C ++ emphasizes objects and not steps or procedures. It has a higher level of abstraction.|
|Overload compatibility||C does not support function overloading.||C ++ supports function overloading, which means that you can have function names with variable parameters.|
|Type of data||C does not provide string or Boolean data types. Supports primitive and built-in data types.||C ++ provides string or Boolean data types. Supports built-in and user-defined data types.|
|Exception handling support||C does not support exception handling directly. It can be done through some other functions.||C ++ supports Exception Exception: handling can be done through try & catch block.|
|Feature support||C does not support functions with default arrangements||C ++ supports functions with default arrays.|
|Generic programming support||C is not supported||C ++ supports generic programming|
|Pointers and references||C only supports pointers||C ++ supports pointers and references.|
|Online function||C has no online function.||C ++ has inline function.|
|Data security||In the C programming language, data is not protected.||The data is hidden in C ++ and is not accessible to external functions. Therefore, it is safer|
|Getting closer||C follows the top-down approach.||C ++ follows the bottom-up approach.|
|Functions for standard input and output||scanf and printf||cin and cout|
|Variables definition time||In C, the variable must be defined at the beginning, in the function.||The variable can be defined anywhere in the function.|
|Program Division||C language programs are divided into modules and functions.||Programs are divided into classes and functions in the C ++ programming language.|
|Operator function and overload||Absent||Present|
|Mapping||Mapping between function and data is complicated in C.||Mapping between function and data can be easily done using ‘Objects’.|
|Call of functions||The main () function can be called through other functions.||The main () function cannot be called through other functions.|
|Functions used for memory allocation and deallocation||malloc () and calloc for memory allocation and free () function for deallocation.||The new and delete operators are used for memory allocation and deallocation in C ++.|
|Influenced by||B (BCPL, CPL), Mounting, ALGOL 68,||C, ALGOL 68, Simula, Ada 83, ML, CLU|
|Language level||Medium level||High level|
|Lessons||C uses structures in this way, giving freedom to use internal design elements||class and structures|
C is an ancient systems programming language developed by Dennis Ritchie in 1969. C has long been accepted as an easy, flexible and powerful language used for programming many applications, whether for engineering programs or business programs. It was the improved version of the B language of that time. The UNIX operating system was the first operating system written in C and the latest operating systems such as Windows and Linux are also written in the C language. Many computer architectures and operating systems use this language. The advantages of the C language are that it is a more reliable, portable, flexible, efficient, effective and interactive programming language. It is widely used in the development of database systems, word processors, spreadsheets and operating system developments. Currently 19% of programs are developed in the C programming language.
C ++ (Cee Plus Plus) is a functional, generic, procedural, object-oriented, multi-prototype programming language that also provides the facilities for low-level memory manipulation. It was designed by Bjarne Stroustrup and was initially released in 1983. The latest version of C ++ was released on December 15, 2014. C ++ is a cumulative language used on many platforms and many organizations such as FSF, LLVM, Microsoft and Intel are using this language. It is considered the recommended programming language to strengthen software infrastructures and applications with limited resources, such as desktop applications, servers (includes e-commerce, web search and SQL servers),
- C is a simple procedural language and just follows the procedural programming prototype, while C ++ is a multi-prototype language, which means that it is both procedural and object-oriented.
- C is a case-sensitive programming language, care is needed when programming in the C language. C ++ is not a case-sensitive language, though.
- C primarily focuses on formal procedures or steps to solve any problem, while C ++ primarily focuses on objects rather than procedures or steps.
- Data security is compromised in C, so it is not recommended for data security. In C ++, data is hidden and cannot be accessed by external jobs.
- C uses the top-down approach while C ++ uses the bottom-up approach.
- The scanf () and printf () functions are used in C for standard input and output, while cin >> and count << are used for standard input and output function in the case of C ++.
- C is considered a medium language, while C ++ is considered a high-level language. difference between c++ and c#
- The operator overload and overload support function is available in C ++, while all of these are lacking in C.